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Glycemic index and glycemic load - SUGARS, SYRUPS, AND SUGAR ALCOHOLS
(for impaired glucose tolerance)

This table contains data for impaired glucose tolerance only. To use the corresponding table for normal glucose tolerance, please follow this link →
Glycemic
index
Serving
size
Glycemic
load
Fructose
50 g portion20102
50 g portion21102
50 g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, St. Louis, MO, USA)1524102
25 g portion, fed with oats1925102
mean of four studies23±3102
Glucose
50 g portion (dextrose)585109
25 g portion, fed with oats1992109
50 g portion593109
50 g portion961010
mean of four studies92±2109
Glucose consumed with American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.)
25 g glucose (Glucodex solution, Rougier Inc., Chambly, Quebec) with 3 g dried ginseng4,1178108
25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min after 3 g dried ginseng4,1180108
100 g Glucose + 20 g cellulose20 (CSIR Biochemical Unit, New Delhi, India)1031010
Glucose consumed with a mixed meal
30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter (total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)5525019
30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter (total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)5725020
25 g glucose with 30 g oat bran flour (Natureal® GI-flour, Finn Cereal, Vantaa, Finland)480108
Locust honey (Romania)4,1132257
Lactose
50 g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, USA)1543104
25 g portion, fed with oats1948105
Sucrose
50 g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, USA)1558106
50 g portion59±9106
50 g portion60106
25 g portion, fed with oats1964106
30 g portion1682108
25 g portion4110±11011
mean of six studies72±2107
Sugar alcohols and sugar-replacement compounds - GI values based on the assumption that their carbohydrate is available
Isomalt (Sudzucker AG, Mannheim, Germany)212±1100
Isomaltulose, PalatinoseTM (Sudzucker AG, Mannheim, Germany)2132±2103
Lactitol
25 g lactitol5,22-1±1100
25 g lactitol MC (Danisco sweeteners, Surrey, UK)223±1100
Litesse
25 g Litesse II, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK)227±2101
25 g Litesse III ultra, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK)224±2100
Lycasin® HBC, syrup containing 50-55% maltitol, 5-8% sorbitol and 35-40% hydrogenated oligo-scaccharides (lab 2212, Roquette, France)2147±7105
Lycasin® HBC, syrup containing 50-55% maltitol, 5-8% sorbitol and 35-40% hydrogenated oligo-scaccharides (lab 2212, Roquette, France)2125±5103
Maltitol-based sweeteners or bulking agents
Maltitol, 50 g portion (Japan)2126103
25 g Malbit CR (87% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)2230103
25 g Maltidex 100 (> 72% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)2244±4104
Maltitol and Sucrose mixture (25 g Maltitol + 25 g Sucrose) (Japan)2146105
25 g Malbit CH (99% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)2273±3107
25 g Maltidex 200 (50% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)2289±9109
Tagatose sugar replacement, Gaio® (Arla Foods, Germany)213±1100
Xylitol
25 g xylitol227±7101
25 g Xylitol C (Danisco Sweeteners, UK)228±2101