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Glycemic index and glycemic load - BREADS
(for normal glucose tolerance)

This table contains data for normal glucose tolerance only. To use the corresponding table for impaired glucose tolerance, please follow this link →
Glycemic
index
Serving
size
Glycemic
load
BREADS
Bagel, white (USA)9697024
Baguette
Traditional French baguette (prepared with wheat flour, water, salt and 20 g yeast) (France)57±73010
Whole Grain Baguette, President's Choice® Blue Menutm (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)73±3309
French baguette with chocolate spread (France)72±27027
French baguette with butter and strawberry jam (France)62±27026
Pain au lait (Pasquier, France)63±36020
Coarse barley kernel bread, 80% kernels
80% scalded intact kernels (20% white wheat flour)34307
80% intact kernels (20% white wheat flour)40308
Barley kernel bread, 50% kibbled barley (Australia)483010
Sunflower and barley bread (Riga bakeries, Sydney, Australia)57±7306
Sunflower and barley bread (Vogel's, UK)70308
Barley flour breads
Wholemeal barley flour (80%) bread (20% white wheat flour) (Sweden)673013
Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft (50% regular barley flour, 50% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden)50307
Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft (20% regular barley flour, 80% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden)43305
Barley flour bread, made from 50% wheat flour and 50% coarse sieved barley flour (containing 4.2% total 1-3, 1-4 β-glucan of which 2.8% soluble) (Italy)74±43012
Barley flour bread, made from 80% wheat flour and 20% water-extracted barley flour (containing 6.3% total 1-3, 1-4 β-glucan of which 5.7% soluble) (Italy)703011
Whole grain barley flour bread, made from 50% barley flour and 50% wheat flour (containing 2.4% total 1-3, 1-4 β-glucan of which 2.0% soluble) (Italy)85±53015
Barley bread, 70% high-amylose barley flour and 30% white wheat flour, baked long-time at low tempertaure (Sweden)49306
Barley bread, 70% high-amylose barley flour & 30% white wheat flour, conventionally baked (Sweden)70309
Wholemeal barley flour (80%) & white wheat flour (20%) breads - fermented or with added organic acids or salts (Sweden)
Wholemeal barley flour bread (used as reference food for the 5 breads below)9703014
Wholemeal barley flour bread with sourdough (lactic acid)9533010
Wholemeal barley flour bread with lactic acid9663012
Wholemeal barley flour bread with calcium lactate9593012
Wholemeal barley flour bread with sodium propionate9653013
Wholemeal barley flour bread with higher dose sodium propionate9573011
Buckwheat bread
Buckwheat bread, 50% dehusked buckwheat groats and 50% white wheat flour (Sweden)473010
Buckwheat bread (China)67±73013
Chickpea flour bread
Chickpea flour bread, made from Amethyst-type desi chickpeas (JK International Pty Ltd, Rocklea, Australia)55307
Chickpea flour bread, made from extruded chickpea flour (Australia)67308
Corn tortilla, made from white corn, Diego's brand (San Diego Tortilla Factory Pty Ltd, Andrews, QLD, Australia)49±95011
Bread, flax, made from flax meal & wheat flour (Canada)967308
Fruit breads
Bürgen® Fruit loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)44±4306
Bürgen® Fruit and Muesli bread (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)53±3307
Continental fruit loaf, wheat bread with dried fruit (Australia)47±7307
Fruit and cinnamon bread (Finest, UK)71±13011
Fruit and Spice Loaf, thick sliced (Buttercup bakeries, Moorebank, Australia)54±4308
Fruit loaf, sliced (UK)57±7309
HappinessTM (cinnamon, raisin, pecan bread) (Natural Ovens, Mannitowoc, USA)63±3309
Muesli bread, made from packet mix in bread making machine (Con Agra Inc., USA)54±4307
Whole-wheat bread with dried fruit (China)47±7307
Gluten-free bread
Gluten-free multigrain bread (Country Life Bakery, Dandenong, Australia)79±93010
Gluten-free white bread (Country Life Bakery, Autralia)40303
Gluten-free buckwheat bread, made with buckwheat meal & rice flour (Naturis Organic Bread, NSW, Australia)72±2308
Hamburger/Hot dog buns
100% Whole wheat Gigantico Burger Buns, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)62±2307
100% Whole wheat Gigantico Hot Dog Rolls, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)62±2307
Oat bread
Coarse oat kernel bread, 80% intact oat kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden)653012
Oat bran bread
50% oat bran (Australia)44308
45% oat bran and 50% wheat flour (Sweden)50309
Oatmeal batch bread (UK)62±2309
Rice bread
Rice bread, low-amylose Calrose rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Ingleburn, Australia)72±2308
Rice bread, high-amylose Doongara rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Australia)61±1307
Rye bread
Rye bread (50% rye flour + 50% wheat flour) (Turkey)50307
Wheat and rye bread (75% wheat flour + 10% rye flour + 15% wheat bran) (Turkey)40306
Rye kernel bread
Coarse rye kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden)41305
Whole-kernel rye bread, 60% whole rye kernels and 40% rye flour (Finland)1157306
Rye bread (80% rye flour + 20% oat β-glucan concentrate) (Finland)1166306
Rye bread, 69% whole-grain rye flour (Jalkiuunileipa, Oululainen Ltd, Lahti, Finland)78±83011
Specialty rye breads
Blackbread, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Sydney, Australia)76±63010
BürgenTM Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)55±5306
BürgenTM Rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)51±1305
Country Grain Organic Rye (Country Life Bakery, Australia)53±3305
Roggenbrot, Vogel's (Stevns & Co, Sydney, NSW, Australia)59±9308
Rye Hi-Soy with Linseed (Country Life Bakery, Australia)55±5305
Schinkenbrot, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Sydney, Australia)86±63012
Sourdough rye (Australia)48306
Wheat Breads
Coarse wheat kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden)523010
Spelt wheat breads
White spelt wheat bread (Belgium)653010
White spelt wheat bread (Slovenia)12743017
Wholemeal spelt wheat bread (Slovenia)12633012
Scalded spelt wheat kernel bread (Slovenia)12673015
Spelt multigrain bread® (Pav's bakery, Australia)54±4307
White wheat flour bread
White flour (UK)59±9308
White flour (Canada)69±93010
White flour, SunblestTM (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)703010
White flour (Sainsbury's, UK)703010
White flour bread71±13010
White flour (Pepperidge Farm, Norwalk, CT, USA)71±13011
White flour (South Africa)71±1309
White flour (Italy)723011
White flour (Hovis, UK)73±33011
White flour (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan)753010
White flour (Vodova veka Penam, Olomouc, Czech Republic)75±53013
White flour (Hovis, UK)75±53011
White flour (Hovis Classic, British Bakeries Ltd, UK)9873011
White flour (China)88±83012
White flour (Italy)89±93018
White flour, homemade (UK)9893012
mean of sixteen studies75±53011
White wheat flour bread, toasted
White bread, toasted (Hovis, UK)50307
White bread, fresh, toasted (British Bakeries Ltd, UK)963308
White bread, homemade, fresh, toasted (UK)966309
mean of three studies60308
White wheat flour bread, frozen and defrosted9
White bread, frozen and defrosted75309
(British Bakeries Ltd, UK)9
White bread, homemade, frozen and defrosted (UK)62308
White wheat flour bread, frozen and defrosted, toasted
White wheat bread, frozen, defrosted and toasted964308
(British Bakeries Ltd, UK)
White bread, homemade, frozen, defrosted9 and toasted (UK)54307
WonderTM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, Kansas City, USA)
WonderTM, enriched white bread71±13010
WonderTM, enriched white bread72±23010
WonderTM, enriched white bread77±73011
mean of three studies733010
White bread with enzyme inhibitors
White bread + acarbose (200 mg) (Mexico)50308
White bread with insoluble fiber
White bread, enriched with 9 g lupin kernel fiber (viscous insoluble fiber) (Australasian Natural Ingredients Pty Ltd, Perth, Australia)74307
White bread with added wheatgerm and fiber (UK)59±9306
White bread with soluble fiber
White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium) (Mexico)653011
White bread, enriched with 12 g Arabinoxylan fiber14 (soluble fiber) (Australia)41304
White bread, enriched with 6 g Arabinoxylan fiber14 (soluble fiber) (Australia)56307
White bread enriched with Sunfibre (Cyamoposis tetragonolobus) (Indian cluster guar beans)
White bread with 3 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)63±33010
White bread with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)64±43010
White bread with 10 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)68±83011
White bread with 15 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)56±63010
White bread with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 2 (Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)55±5309
White bread consumed with fiber drink
White bread consumed with 5 g Sunfibre (Taiyo Kagaku Co, Ltd, Japan) dissolved in 250mL water49±9--
White bread consumed with 10 g Sunfibre (Taiyo Kagaku Co, Ltd, Japan) dissolved in 250mL water57±7--
White bread consumed with 10 g insoluble dextrin (Matsutani Chemical Industry Co Ltd, Japan) in 250 mL water66±6--
White bread consumed with 10 g inulin (Orafti, Tienen, Belgium) in 250 mL water67±7--
White bread with added ingredients
White bread (100% wheat flour) + 2% pectin (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)853011
White bread (100% wheat flour) + 5% fruit fiber (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)76309
White bread (80% wheat flour + 20% chickpea flour) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)79309
White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% modified corn starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)783010
White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% tapicoa starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)773010
White bread (95% wheat flour + 5% oat bran) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)743010
White bread, containing 2% guar gum (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)66308
White bread, containing 2% vinegar and 2.5% sourdough (Noble Rise Crunchy Toast, Australia)79309
White bread containing Eurylon® high-amylose maize starch (France)1542308
White bread eaten with powdered dried seaweed (Nori alga) (Spain)48307
White bread eaten with vinegar as vinaigrette (Sweden)45307
White bread eaten with 18 g white vinegar (6% acetic acid) (Sweden)63309
White bread eaten with 23 g white vinegar (6% acetic acid) (Sweden)733011
White bread eaten with 28 g white vinegar (6% acetic acid) (Sweden)54308
White and wholemeal bread (ratio 1:1), fermented by sourdough lactobacilli (pH 1.5) and fiber-enriched with oat fiber (Italy)54306
White bread, with different proving times and bread volumes
White bread, prepared with a 10 min prove and a second 2 min proving (low loaf volume) (UK)38±8305
White bread, prepared with a 30 min prove and a second 12 min proving (moderate loaf volume) (UK)72±2309
White bread, prepared with a 60 min prove and a second 30 min proving (moderate loaf volume) (UK)86±63011
White bread, prepared with a 40 min prove, a second 25 min proving and a third 50 min proving (large loaf volume) (UK)1003013
White resistant starch-enriched bread
Fiber WhiteTM (Nature's Fresh, Auckland, New Zealand)77±73011
WonderwhiteTM (Buttercup Bakeries, Australia)803011
Wholemeal (whole wheat) wheat flour bread
Wholemeal flour (Hovis, UK)68±8307
Wholemeal flour (China)69±9309
Wholemeal flour (Sainsbury's, UK)71±1308
Wholemeal flour (Canada)72±2308
Wholemeal flour (Australia)743010
Wholemeal flour (Hovis, UK)74±4308
Wholemeal flour (South Africa)75±5309
Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)77±7309
Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)78±8309
Wholemeal flour (France)85±53013
mean of ten studies74±4309
Wholemeal stoneground (whole wheat) wheat flour bread
Wholemeal bread, stoneground flour (Bill's Organic Bread, Cardiff, Australia)59±9307
Wholemeal flour, stoneground (Waitrose, UK)66±6308
Specialty wheat breads
Bakers DelightTM Hi Fibre Lo GI white bread (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)52±2308
Bakers DelightTM Wholemeal Country Grain bread (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)53±3306
BürgenTM Mixed Grain bread (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)
BürgenTM Mixed Grain34±4304
BürgenTM Mixed Grain45±5305
BürgenTM Mixed Grain52±2305
mean of three studies44305
BürgenTM Oat Bran & Honey Loaf with Barley (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) (1995)31±1303
BürgenTM Oatbran & Honey bread (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) (2002)49±9305
BürgenTM Pumpkin Seed bread, containing 6% pumpkin seeds (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)49±9304
Bürgen® Soy-Lin, kibbled soy (8%) and linseed (8%) loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)36±6303
Bürgen® Wholmeal & Seeds (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)39±9302
Crusty malted wheat bread (Finest, UK)52±2307
English MuffinTM bread (Natural Ovens, USA)77±73011
English Muffin, Whole Grain Multigrain, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)45±5305
Golden HearthTM Organic Heavy Wholegrain bread (Gold Coast Bakeries, QLD, Australia)53±3307
Healthy ChoiceTM Hearty 7 Grain (Con Agra Inc., USA)55±5308
Healthy ChoiceTM Hearty 100% Whole Grain (Con Agra Inc., USA)62±2309
Helga'sTM Classic Seed Loaf (Quality Bakers, Sydney, Australia)68±8309
Helga'sTM Traditional Wholemeal bread (Quality Bakers, Australia)70309
Hunger FillerTM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA)59±9307
Malt loaf, organic (UK)59±93012
MolenbergTM (Goodman Fielder, Auckland, New Zealand)75±53011
Multigrain bread (Sainsbury's, UK)80308
Multigrain batch bread (UK)62±2309
9-Grain Multi-Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)43±3306
Multigrain Loaf, spelt wheat flour (Australia)54±4308
Multigrain (50% kibbled wheat grain) (Australia)43306
Multigrain loaf, containing coconut flour (Philippines)60307
Multiseed bread (UK)54±4307
Nutty NaturalTM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA)59±9307
PerformaxTM (Country Life Bakery, Australia)38±8305
Ploughman'sTM Wholegrain, original recipe (Quality Bakers, Australia)47307
Ploughman'sTM Wholemeal, smooth milled (Quality Bakers, Australia)64±4309
Seeded bread (UK)49±9306
Sourdough wheat bread (Australia)54308
Sourdough Vienna bread, Bakers DelightTM (Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)66±63010
Soy & Linseed bread (made from packet mix cooked in bread maker) (Con Agra Inc., USA)50305
Unleavened Breads
Lebanese bread, white (Seda Bakery, Sydney, Australia)75±53012
Pita bread, white, mini (UK)68±83010
Pita bread, wholemeal (UK)56±6308