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Glycemic index and glycemic load - SUGARS AND SYRUPS
(for normal glucose tolerance)

This table contains data for normal glucose tolerance only. To use the corresponding table for impaired glucose tolerance, please follow this link →
Glycemic
index
Serving
size
Glycemic
load
Blue Agave cactus nectar, high-fructose
Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 90% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., City of Industry, CA, USA)811±1101
Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 97% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., USA)810101
Premium Agave nectar (Sweet Cactus Farms, USA)19±9102
mean of three studies13101
Fructose
25 g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada)811101
50 g portion (Sweeten Less, Canada)12101
50 g portion (China)23±3102
mean of three studies15102
Glucose
50 g portion (dextrose)961010
50 g portion (Bio-Health, Dawson Traders Ltd., Toronto, Canada)961010
50 g portion (Canada)1001010
50 g portion (GlucodinTM glucose tablets, Boots, North Ryde, NSW, Australia)1021010
25 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada)81031010
50 g portion (dextrose)1111011
100 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada)81141011
mean of seven studies1031010
Glucose consumed with American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.)
25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min before 3 g dried ginseng8,2776108
Glucose consumed with gum/fiber
46 g Glucose + 15 g apple and orange fiber extract (FITA, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) (total carbohydrate content of drink = 50 g)79±9106
50 g Glucose + 14.5 g guar gum62106
50 g Glucose + 14.5 g oat gum (78% oat β-glucan)57106
100 g Glucose + 20 g acacia gum15,2885109
75 g Glucose + 4.24 g salt (Nigeria)11,1486109
Golden Syrup (Australia)63±32513
Honey
Yellow box (46% fructose) (Australia)835±5256
Stringy Bark (52% fructose) (Australia)844±4259
Red Gum (35% fructose) (Australia)846±6258
Iron Bark (34% fructose) (Australia)848±8257
Capilano Premium Honey, blend of eucalypt & floral honeys (Capilano Honey Limited, QLD, Australia)51±12511
Yapunya (42 % fructose) (Australia)852±2259
Pure (Capilano Honey Ltd., Richlands, Qld, Australia)58±82512
Leabrook Farms Yellow box honey (Spring Gully Foods Pty Ltd, SA, Australia)602513
Commercial Blend (38% fructose) (WA blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia)862±22511
Salvation Jane (32% fructose) (Australia)864±42510
Clover honey, ratio of fructose: glucose, 1.09 (Vazza Farms, Hermiston, OR, USA)69±92515
Commercial Blend (28% fructose) (NSW blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia)872±2259
Buckwheat honey, ratio of fructose:glucose, 1.12 (Vazza Farms, USA)73±32516
Cotton honey, ratio of fructose:glucose, 1.03 (Gene Brandi Apiaries, Los Banos, CA, USA)74±42516
Honey, NS type (China)74±42516
Tupelo honey, ratio of fructose:glucose, 1.54 (Tropical Blossom Honey Co, Edgewater, FL, USA)74±42516
Honey, NS (Canada)887±72518
mean of seventeen types of honeyLactose61±12512
50 g portion (China)46±6105
25 g portion (BDH, Poole, UK)848105
Lactose
50 g portion (China)46±6105
25 g portion (BDH, Poole, UK)848105
Maltose
50 g portion (Canada)1051011
50 g portion (China)1051011
Maple flavored syrup (Cottee's Foods, Australia)68±82515
Maple syrup, pure Canadian (Queen Foods, Australia)Sucrose54±42510
50 g portion (Redpath Sugars, Toronto, Canada)58106
50 g portion (Japan)60106
25 g portion (Redpath Sugars, Canada)860106
50 g portion (South Africa)65±5107
100 g portion (Redpath Sugars, Canada)1565107
50 g portion (China)84±4108
mean of six studies65±5107